Despite the relatively short distance, the motorway and railway across Amager to Copenhagen Airport and the Øresund Bridge are among the most important transport links in Denmark.
The opening of the motorway on 27 September 1997 and the railway on 27 September 1998 marked an upturn in mobility at an international, national, regional and local level.
Internationally, the facility across Amager constitutes the Danish landworks to the Øresund Bridge between Copenhagen and Malmö, which links the Scandinavian peninsula and the European continent with the railway and motorway. The fast link to the centre of Copenhagen has also had a significant impact on Copenhagen Airport’s potential to attract more international flights.
The section is the focus of attention from many sides as it is part of the Trans-European Network (TEN), which is a pre-requisite for a common market with free movement, and therefore plays a major role in regional traffic development. The realisation of the project, therefore, received financial support from TEN funding.
The Øresund Bridge between Copenhagen and Malmö, along with the Danish landworks, are the pre-requisites for closer contact between the Copenhagen area and southern Sweden and the formation of a major, common labour and housing market, which lies at the heart of the political vision of the Øresund Region.
The new link to the rest of the motorway and rail network has also meant easier access to the airport from the rest of Denmark, bypassing the centre of Copenhagen. As the momentum grew so did Copenhagen Airport’s catchment area, not least because of a new customer segment from southern Sweden, who were afforded easier access to the airport via the Øresund Bridge.
Locally, the motorway and railway gave traffic patterns on Amager a much needed boost. Businesses and the local residents of Tårnby, Kastrup and, in part, Dragør, got an upgraded infrastructure with a train service and easy access to the motorway network. Another positive effect was noticeably less traffic on local roads.
The Øresund Bridge
The Øresund Bridge opened on 1 July 2000 and is a fixed combined bridge and tunnel link between Denmark and Sweden, specifically between Amager and Skåne. The link comprises the Øresund tunnel between Amager (at Kastrup, south of Copenhagen) and the artificial island, Peberholm (south of Saltholm) and the Øresund Bridge, a combined girder and cable-stayed bridge between Peberholm and Lernacken (south of Malmö) in Skåne. The link comprises a motorway and a dual rail track. The total length of the link is 15.9 km.
The Øresund fixed link is owned and operated by Øresundsbro Konsortiet, which, in turn, is jointly owned by A/S Øresund and Svensk-danska Broförbindelsen (SVEDAB) AB. The latter is owned by the Swedish state (Näringsdepartementet – The Ministry of Enterprise, Energy and Communications) through Vägverket (Swedish Road Administration) and Banverket (Swedish Rail Administration (50 per cent each) while A/S Øresund is 100 per cent owned by Sund & Bælt, which is owned by the Danish state (The Ministry of Transport).
The total cost of the entire link, including the motorway and rail connection on land, was calculated at DKK 30.1 billion in 2000. It is estimated that the bridge will have paid for itself by 2035.
Read more about the Øresund Bridge